Human Traffic Watch

Posts Tagged ‘tvpa’

US Lawmakers Introduce Child Sex-Trafficking Bill

In Child Sex Trafficking, Child Trafficking, Human Trafficking, Sex Trafficking on August 14, 2013 at 5:52 pm


U.S. lawmakers have introduced a bill to strengthen federal laws against child sex trafficking, a proposal that has broad bipartisan support and will be considered after members of Congress return from an August recess.

Earlier this week, the FBI announced the rescue of more than 100 sexually exploited children as a result of a nationwide sweep of sex traffickers. The FBI said the operation yielded 150 arrests, primarily of pimps — those who profit from the illegal enterprise.

Members of Congress say arresting and prosecuting pimps is not enough, that those who pay to have sex with children must also face federal penalties.

“We have a Trafficking Victims Protection Act that prosecutes the trafficker — the guy that brings those girls throughout the United States. But the consumer, the buyer, is not prosecuted on the federal level,” said Republican Congressman Ted Poe during a news conference at the Capitol.

The End Sex Trafficking Act of 2013 mandates that those who seek sex with children will be prosecuted under federal law, which comes into play when there is trafficking activity across more than one state.



International Justice Mission Campaign

In Awareness, Human Trafficking on January 9, 2013 at 1:11 pm

On Thursday, the 112th Congress ended without passing the Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act (TVPRA). This law—originally passed in 2000 and reauthorized by Congress unanimously three separate times—is our nation’s foundation for the fight against human trafficking at home and around the world. The bill could have passed at the close of the year through a process called “unanimous consent,” (in which representatives signal their support for a bill without a formal vote), but three senators placed anonymous “holds” on the bill, preventing it from moving forward.

We are saddened and disappointed that Congress did not prioritize the needs of those in bondage by passing this critical bill, compromising U.S. leadership in the fight against slavery even as we commemorate the 150th anniversary of the Emancipation Proclamation.

Despite this setback, we are hopeful: Every phone call, email, meeting, letter to the editor, and one-on-one conversation in support of the TVPRA you had last year made a difference. None of your effort was wasted, and we are tremendously grateful for your partnership and friendship in this fight.

Because of the support of people like you, anti-slavery advocates secured nearly 60 Senate co-sponsors on the TVPRA in 2012. During a time when Congress agreed on very little, you communicated that ending slavery is an issue that all Americans can agree on. Though the TVPRA must be reintroduced in the new Congress, your help in building such strong support for the bill last year gives us a strong foundation for 2013. We will work to see the bill passed early in this new year.

Yours in hope,

Eileen Campbell
Director of Advocacy


For ways you can take action now, visit

Guest Post: Congressional Holdup on Human Trafficking

In Awareness, Human Trafficking on August 5, 2012 at 9:03 pm

In less than a week, Congress will break for its August recess, and all pending legislation will enter a holding pattern for the next month. One of the most important items remaining on the docket is the reauthorization of the Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA).

In a hearing last week, Senator John Kerry asserted: “In the end, none of us can escape our moral obligation to be a leader in the fight against this modern-day slavery. History teaches us that we are safest and stronger when… America takes the lead and we share the destiny of all people on this planet.” This legislation is a no-brainer for Congress. But when push comes to shove, the 112th Congress has demonstrated an uncanny ability to turn every piece of legislation into a zero-sum game of partisan tug-of-war. (A recent analysis shows that the 112th Congress is the least productive and most polarized in U.S. history.)

The reauthorization of TVPA should not wait until the eleventh hour. Not only does TVPA provide tangible, lifesaving resources for trafficking victims in the United States, it is also the linchpin of U.S. antitrafficking initiatives abroad. To show real leadership to combat human trafficking, Congress should vote to reauthorize the law without delay.

Source: Council on Foreign Relations

Help renew the TVPA

In Human Trafficking on December 2, 2011 at 11:22 am


Peace cannot be kept by force…: Help Renew the TVPRA


“Trafficking Victims Protection Act: The Trafficking Victims Protection Act is the United States’s most important tool in the fight against human trafficking and modern-day slavery. The act has expired—placing critical anti-trafficking initiatives at risk, such as support to law enforcement and…

Louis H. Watson Jr., P.A. confirms that forty-eight (48) legal immigrant workers from the Phillippines, Jamaica, Bellarus, Turkey, and Indonesia have filed a class action complaint in Mississippi alleging human trafficking violations under the Trafficking Victims Protection Act as well as minimum wage and overtime violations under the Fair Labor Standards Act. Court documents show the immigrant workers are contending that they were improperly required to pay visas fees of $ 5,000 to $ 8,000 for their H2B visas, which were supposed to be paid by the employer in the United States. The immigrant workers could not afford to pay these fees, so they were sent to specific loan companies in their country of origin where they were required to sign blank checks to pay back the money loaned once it was earned in the United States as well as requiring family members to co-sign the loan agreements so the loan companies would have someone to lean on in their country of origin if they could pay the loans backs.

In Human Trafficking on November 10, 2011 at 4:06 pm

Human Trafficking Class Action Case Filed in Mississippi

In Human Trafficking on October 21, 2011 at 4:00 pm



Jesse Eaves gives us a TVPRA update. Keep up the great work and make sure to call Congress

Important TVPRA update!!

The 4 “Ps” paradigm is the fundamental framework used by U.S. and world to combat contemporary forms of slavery. Prevention Historically, prevention efforts focused on public awareness, campaigns that inform and educate communities in source and destination countries about human trafficking – to I.D. victims and warn migrants and other vulnerable populations. Today, prevention efforts include: rectifying laws that omit classes of workers from labor law protection providing robust labor enforcement implementing measures that address significant vulnerabilities (such as birth registrations and I.D.) carefully constructing labor recruitment programs that ensure protection of workers from exploitation strengthening partnerships between law enforcement, government, and non-govermental organizations to collaborate, coordinate, and communicate more effectively emphasizing effective policy implementation with stronger enforcement, better reporting, and government-endorced business standards tackling the crime at its root causes by monitoring product supply chains and reducing demand on commercial sex. The U.S. Department of State’s Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons seeks to implement promising practices in prevention by partnering with and funding the efforts of NGOs around the world. Effective law enforcement and protection practices are essential to ensuring stronger prevention policies, which can deter the occurrence of human trafficking. Protection Key victim protection efforts include 3 “Rs” – rescue, rehabilitation, and reintegration. Victim identification measures are integral in implementing the victim-centered approach. Proactively identifying victims and training first responses are of paramount importance to a county’s ability to tackle human trafficking. Governments have a responsibility to enable identified trafficking victims to remain in the country, work, and obtain services without fear of detention or deportation for lack of legal status or crimes that the trafficker made them commit. Protecting victims = effective partnerships between law enforcement and service providers, from immediate rescue through criminal justice and civil proceedings. Rehab efforts help provide emergency assistance and services – effective placement in stable, long-term situations; access to educational, vocational and economic opportunities for survivors. Reintegration efforts include voluntary repatriation for trafficking victims and assistance in their home community. Prosecution Imposed sentences should involve significant jail time (1 year or more). Sentences should take into account the severity of an individual’s involvement in trafficking, imposed sentences for other grave crimes, and punishment consistent with that country’s law. Partnerships Partnerships augment efforts by bringing together diverse experiences, amplifying messages, and leveraging resources, thereby accomplishing more together than any one entity or sector would be able to do alone. Coalitions of NGOs coming together for purposes of advocacy, service provision, information sharing and networks of survivors – whose experiences inform the broader trafficking movement. The U.S. would like to see documentation of proven, successful strategies of coalition and partnership work.

In Human Trafficking on September 27, 2011 at 2:38 pm

The Four “Ps” used by the U.S. to combat Human Trafficking

UN’s Protocol to Prevent, Suppress, and Punish Trafficking Victims, especially Women & Children (the Polermo Project) and the U.S.’s Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA) describe the various forms of human trafficking as follows: Victims may be trafficked regardless of whether: they are born into servitude or were transported into it. they once consented to work for a trafficker. they participated in a crime as a direct result of being trafficked. Forced Labor (“involuntary servitude”) immigrants are vulnerable, but even those who remain in their home countries are able to be forced into labor female victims are also at risk for sexual exploitation Sex Trafficking When an adult is coerced, forced, or deceived into prostitution, or when they are maintained to remain in prostitution through coercion. Anyone involved in recruiting, transporting, harboring, receiving, or obtaining the victims are guilty of the crime of trafficking. Sex trafficking is also a result of debt bondage. Even if the victim initially consented to prostitution, “if they are thereafter held in service through physical manipulation or physical forced,” then they are a trafficking victim. Child Sex Trafficking There can be no exceptions and no cultural or socioeconomic rationalizations preventing the rescue of children from sexual servitude. Child sex trafficking = long-lasting physical and psychological trauma, disease (HIV/AIDS), drug addiction, unwanted pregnancy, malnutrition, social ostracism, and possible death. Bonded Labor (“debt bondage”) (US = “peonage”) Traffickers exploit an initial debt that the worker assumed as part of the terms of employment. Workers may “inherit” debt (e.g. in S. Asia, millions of trafficking victims work to pay off debt of ancestors).   Debt Bondage among Migrant Workers Abusers of contracts and hazardous conditions of employment for migrant laborers do not necessarily constitute human trafficking. Imposition of illegal costs and debts in the source country and the support of labor agencies and employers in the destination country, can contribute to this situation. Debt bondage even if worker’s status in the country is tied to the employer in the context of employment based temp work programs. Involuntary Domestic Service Those whose workplaces are informal, connected to off-duty living quarters, not shared with other workers. Authorities cannot inspect these properties, so cannot easily find the victims. Often many cases of untreated illnesses and sexual abuse among these human trafficking victims. Forced Child Labor Most international organizations and national laws recognize children may legally engage in certain forms of work, but the consensus is that the worst forms of child labor should be eradicated.   A child can be a victim no matter the location of the nonconsensual exploitation. Indicators of this form of human trafficking: child in the custody of non-family member who has the child perform work which financially benefits someone outside the child’s family and does not offer the child the option of leaving. Child Soldiers Unlawful recruitment or use of children (through force, fraud, or coercion) as combatants or for labor or sexual exploitation by armed forces. Perpetrators may be government forces, paramilitary organizations, or rebel forces. Children may work as combatants (soldiers), porters, cooks, guards, servants, messengers, or spies – young girls can be forced to marry or have sex with male combatants. Male and females at risk of sexual abuse and STDs.

In Human Trafficking on September 26, 2011 at 2:51 pm

Forms of Human Trafficking

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