Human Traffic Watch

Archive for the ‘Organ Trafficking’ Category

Modern-day slavery: an explainer

In Awareness, Child Marriage, Child Soldiers, Child Trafficking, Forced Labor, Forced marriage, Human Trafficking, Organ Trafficking, Sex Trafficking on July 7, 2013 at 9:29 am
A worker carries a bag of charcoal on to a truck in Rondon do Para. Brazil was the last country to withdraw from the transatlantic slave trade. Photograph: Mario Tama/Getty

A worker carries a bag of charcoal on to a truck in Rondon do Para. Brazil was the last country to withdraw from the transatlantic slave trade. Photograph: Mario Tama/Getty

How is slavery defined?

Slavery is prohibited under the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which states: “No one shall be held in slavery or servitude: slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms.”

Definitions of modern-day slavery are mainly taken from the 1956 UN supplementary convention, which says: “debt bondage, serfdom, forced marriage and the delivery of a child for the exploitation of that child are all slavery-like practices and require criminalisation and abolishment”. The 1930 Forced Labour Convention defines forced labour as “all work or service which is exacted from any person under the menace of any penalty and for which the said person has not offered himself voluntarily”.

As contemporary systems of slavery have evolved, new definitions, including trafficking and distinguishing child slavery from child labour, have developed.

Some of the forms of slavery are:

Bonded labour: people become bonded labourers after falling into debt and being forced to work for free in an attempt to repay it. Many will never pay off their loans, and debt can be passed down through the generations.

Forced labour: where people are forced to work, usually with no payment, through violence or intimidation. Many find themselves trapped, often in a foreign country with no papers, and unable to leave.

Descent-based slavery: where people are born into slavery because their families belong to a class of “slaves” within a society. The status of “slave” passes from mother to child.

Trafficking: the transport or trade of people from one area to another and into conditions of slavery.

Child slavery: children are in slavery as domestic workers, forced labour – in, for example, the cocoa, cotton and fisheries industries – trafficked for labour and sexual exploitation, and used as child soldiers.

Early and forced marriage: women continue to be married without consent, often while still girls, and forced into sexual and domestic servitude.

Source: The Guardian

EU opens new probe into human organ trafficking in Kosovo

In Human Trafficking, Organ Trafficking on May 6, 2013 at 12:44 pm

On Tuesday, the EU mission (EULEX Kosovo) in the capital Pristina said eight more people are also being investigated for among others the criminal offences of organized crime, trafficking in persons, grievous bodily harm and abusing authorities, in the case of illegal organ trade.

The EU mission said the new probe “is based upon investigations carried out in the Medicus case, as well as further findings during the trial phase.”

Earlier on Monday, an EU-led court in Kosovo jailed two urologists at the Medicus Clinic, director Lufti Dervishi and his son Arban for terms of eight and seven years and three months respectively for “organized crime and human trafficking.”

Three other defendants were sentenced to between one to three years for causing grievous bodily harm when around 30 illegal kidneys were taken out at the clinic in 2008.

The donors, who were from countries such as Moldova, Kazakhstan, Russia and Turkey, arrived to Pristina believing that they would be paid the promised 15,000 euros for their organs.

The mainly Israeli recipients however paid up to 100,000 euros for the organs.

Source: PRESS TV

Evanston store uses models to address human trafficking

In Awareness, Child Sex Trafficking, Forced Prostitution, Human Trafficking, Organ Trafficking, Sex Trafficking on July 13, 2012 at 1:39 pm

Audrey Cheng/The Daily Northwestern
Silence Models sit in the storefront of Williams Next Door. They sit silently with price tags, representing the victms of human trafficking

Three battered-looking women sporting price tags sat in the window of Williams Next Door, 710 Church St., on Sunday in a campaign to end sex trafficking.

Volunteers from the campaign “Women To Go” asked passerbys to sign a petition directed at Village Voice Media’s Backpage.com. The petition, which is also online, asks Village Voice Media to suspend the “adult” section, one of the largest spots in the United States for the sex trafficking of females.

Project Coordinator Phyllis Nutkis said the addressed site is similar to Craigslist.

“It’s a classified advertising site, and it has an adult section,” Nutkissaid. “But there’s a tremendous number of ads that look like they’re for individual women offering their services, but really most of those are placed by pimps.”

Source: Daily Northwestern

Australia seeks to clamp down on forced labor, organ trafficking

In Child Marriage, Forced Labor, Forced marriage, Human Trafficking, Organ Trafficking on June 3, 2012 at 4:21 pm

In Australia, new legislation aims to combat  organ trafficking, forced marriage and forced labor by broadening laws against slavery and exploitation, a plan that was heralded by human rights groups as a blueprint for world efforts to stop such abuse.

“Tragically, 19th century slavery has not been abolished,” Australian Atty. Gen. Nicola Roxon said,Agence France-Presse reported Wednesday. “It has simply taken other forms.”

Traffickers have funneled men and women from India, China, South Korea, the Philippines and other countries to Australia to force them into work varying from prostitution to construction.

Stories of abuse have been reported by Australian news media.  In one case, a Thai woman was reportedly recruited to be a sex worker, then forced to pay off a hefty debt to her Canberra recruiter. In another, a woman was flown from the Philippines to harvest her kidney, allegedly without fully agreeing to do so.

Source: LA Times

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