Human Traffic Watch

Archive for the ‘Child Labor’ Category

St. Patrick knew all about human trafficking

In Child Labor, Forced Labor on March 17, 2014 at 12:37 pm

Green beer sales mark the globalized celebration of St. Patrick’s Day and for many who are only Irish once a year little more is thought of.   But it may be time for St. Patrick’s Day to become an occasion of global awareness for something more than the taste of Guinness, namely the problem of human trafficking.

Patrick was only 16 when he was seized by human traffickers.  Removed from his family and home in Roman Britain, he was transported across the Irish Sea to the foreign surroundings of Dalriada  in what is now Northern Ireland.  The traffickers sold Patrick to a local warlord who exploited the young Briton for six years of forced labor.

Patrick escaped and fled Ireland, yet his conversion to Christianity while a slave gave him a mission to return to minister to his former captors.  From that point Patrick’s ministry in Ireland became so significant that his identity and the country’s are difficult to separate.   Yet it is easily forgotten that Patrick’s early experience of his adopted country was as a victim of human trafficking.

Today when people think of slavery they rarely think of a modern problem, but rather something belonging to earlier centuries. But in the transnational world that is ‘flattened’ modern slavery can take many different forms than those associated with plantations or estates in the Caribbean or American South.

Source: National Post

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Made in a Free World: Who Made My –?

In Awareness, Child Labor, Debt Bondage among Migrant Workers, Forced Labor, Human Trafficking on December 3, 2013 at 2:55 pm

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Source: Made in a Free World

 

Capital becomes hub for traffickers

In Child Labor, Child Sex Trafficking, Child Trafficking, Forced Labor, Human Trafficking, Sex Trafficking on August 8, 2013 at 4:21 pm

Last year on Eid, Hina (13) went missing from Nizamuddin Basti. This Eid too Hina’s parents may not meet their daughter. The police did not manage to trace her and neither was the complaint sent to the anti-human trafficking unit. On Friday, Hina called her parents and said she is in Mumbai. Immediately, a lady snatched the phone and said Hina was on duty and had no time to talk.

Hina’s story is reminiscent of a thousand other such cases in Delhi. People are trafficked not just for sex trade but also for labour and to be employed as live-in maids. Delhi receives people from the northeast states, West Bengal, Nepal, Bangladesh and Jharkhand. Meerut and Mewat, which are close to Delhi are infamous for being “rearing points” for trafficked girls, according to anti-trafficking experts.

A recent report by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime ( UNODC), titled ‘Current Status of Victim Service Providers and Criminal Justice Actors in India 2013’ documents how Delhi is one of the emerging hubs and transit points for trafficking. The report also highlights how girls are often kept in remote locations in the NCR, especially by people from tribes like Bedia, Nat and Kanjar, who sell them once they attain puberty.

Uzbekistan falls under US sanctions on human trafficking

In Bonded Labor, Child Labor, Forced Labor, Human Trafficking on July 20, 2013 at 12:33 pm

“According to a variety of sources, the government of Uzbekistan enforced a decree resulting in a sweeping reduction of the number of children under 15 years of age in the 2012 cotton harvest, but the government continued to subject older children and adult laborers to forced labor in that harvest,” states the 2013 Trafficking in Persons report.

Independent sources report that forced child labor was used in the spring of 2013 for weeding of cotton fields.

“One activist reported at least one case of a mental hospital subjecting its patients to domestic servitude,” write the author’s in the TIP Report. “In addition, there are recent reports that teachers, students (including children), employees in private businesses, and others have been forced by the government to work in construction, agriculture, and in cleaning parks.”

Furthermore, some Uzbekistani men and women are subjected to forced labor outside of their country. Seasonal workers from Uzbekistan in Kazakhstan, Russia, and—to a much lesser extent—Ukraine occasionally fall victim to forced labor in domestic service, agriculture, and the construction and oil industries.

Source: Uz News

Why are so many of the UK’s missing teenagers Vietnamese?

In Child Labor, Child Trafficking, Human Trafficking on July 4, 2013 at 2:00 pm

Of 113 children and young people on the list – which doesn’t include short term cases, or those excluded for reasons of safety – almost a fifth have Vietnamese names, despite that nation’s diaspora making up less than 0.1% of the British population.

Most are believed to have been trafficked into the UK by gangs, discovered by the police and taken into care.

The children are apparently not running away from their captors, but often back to them – fleeing foster families and care homes in an attempt to repay heavy debts, and protect their families from reprisals in Vietnam.

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Where are minors trafficked from?

In 2012 the UK National Referral Mechanism – a framework for identifying potential victims of human trafficking – received 371 referrals regarding minors.

Van, a 15-year-old Vietnamese boy who appears on the site under a different name, was smuggled into the UK under a lorry and forced to work as a domestic servant for his traffickers. He was later put to work as a “gardener” in a number of cannabis factories across the country.

The top five countries of origin were:

  1. Vietnam – 96
  2. Nigeria – 67
  3. Albania – 25
  4. UK – 22
  5. China – 20

Source: Serious Organised Crime Agency (SOCA)

Source: BBC

Child domestic workers suffer from statistical invisibility, says ILO

In Child Labor, Child Trafficking, Forced Labor, Human Trafficking on July 2, 2013 at 1:55 pm

The world over, around 15 million children work as paid or unpaid domestic workers, of which at least 10.5 million are below the legal minimum age, according to an International Labour Organization (ILO) report titled Ending Child Labour in Domestic Work, released on the occasion of World Day Against Child Labour.

These children work under conditions either hazardous or “tantamount to slavery” says the report. Not surprisingly, in these slavery-like conditions where physical, mental and sexual abuse is rampant — the report establishes through individual case studies from across the world — girls far outnumber boys. In fact, 71.3 per cent of children employed between the ages of five and 17 in domestic work are girls (2008 statistics).

The report looks at the many factors that contribute to the abusive situation around domestic child labour; the vulnerability to physical and sexual abuse, the impact on health, how they move far from their homes and families leading to isolation and discrimination.

Source: The Hindu

France: behind the scenes in the war on Romanian gangs

In Child Labor, Child Trafficking, Forced Labor, Human Trafficking on June 25, 2013 at 12:33 pm

They arrive early in the morning in front of the Paris Opera, one of the busiest tourist spots in the French capital. But the 20 Roma children brought from Romania are not there to see the sights.

Armed with a notebook bearing the logo of a charity for the deaf and mute, they attempt to persuade passers-by to give them donations. But the charity doesn’t exist, and the children aren’t deaf or mute. The scam works quite well – some tourists give as much as 10 or 20 euros in notes. But the girls don’t keep the money long.

The gang leaders are just a few yards away, keeping a discreet eye on operations. Every half hour, they gather the money collected by the children.

Meanwhile, other groups of children are taken to the very centre of Paris, where they split up along the main boulevards. They walk beside the cafes, snatching iPhones that tourists have left on the outside tables. Again, they use the fake petition as a decoy. One second is enough to distract the unsuspecting tourist, before both phone and children disappear in a flash…

Using a hidden camera, we found the stolen smartphones for sale at a market in a suburb in the east of Paris. A woman offers us the very latest model, normally sold at 800 euros, for 250 euros. It’s a lucrative business – according to the police, a child can steal as many as five iPhones a day.

Source: France24

Tanzania: Human Trafficking Getting Worrisome

In Child Labor, Child Trafficking, Forced Labor, Human Trafficking, Involuntary Domestic Servitude on June 22, 2013 at 11:35 am

DESPITE the high level of abuse that prevails in domestic service in Tanzanian urban centres, the occupation remains one of the most common jobs for children, particularly girls.

The most exploited and most demeaned children are the commercial sex workers. Existing research suggests that more girls under the age of 16 are employed in domestic service.

Many are victims of human trafficking, a diabolical business that appears to be gaining ground. The current trend sees traffickers owning stables holding ten or more girls. As with other forms of child labour — poverty, domestic servitude, the breakdown of the family and parents not seeing the importance of education, contribute to the supply of child domestic workers.

Source: All Africa

Sierra Leone’s Child Trafficking to Blame for Street Kids

In Child Labor, Child Sex Trafficking, Child Soldiers, Forced Labor, Human Trafficking, Sex Trafficking on June 21, 2013 at 9:44 am
Kaita (r) is one of thousands of Sierra Leonean children who have ended up homeless. According to a 2010 survey it is estimated that there are as many as 2,500 street children in Freetown alone. Credit: Tommy Trenchard/IPS

Kaita (r) is one of thousands of Sierra Leonean children who have ended up homeless. According to a 2010 survey it is estimated that there are as many as 2,500 street children in Freetown alone. Credit: Tommy Trenchard/IPS

On a street corner in downtown Freetown, Sierra Leone’s capital city, 12-year-old Kaita sits with a friend on a peeling steel railing watching the headlights of motorbikes cruising through the otherwise silent streets. It is after midnight, and motionless human forms lie curled up in doorways or stretched out on pavements nearby. For Kaita, these streets are home, and have been for almost six years.

Kaita is one of thousands of Sierra Leonean children who have ended up homeless after being given away by their parents on false promises of education.

Joice Kamara is the deputy director of children’s affairs at the Ministry of Social Welfare, Gender and Children’s Affairs – until last year the focal point for the government’s anti-trafficking taskforce.

“Some of them (child traffickers) are relatives, some are strangers, some are friends – they go to the villages and they ask people to give them their children. They promise to give them the best education in the city,” she tells IPS.

Source: IPS News

Child helpline members educate public about child rights through street play

In Child Labor, Child Marriage, Child Sex Trafficking, Child Trafficking, Forced Labor, Forced marriage, Human Trafficking, Sex Trafficking on May 25, 2013 at 4:06 pm

Children Helpline members on Friday educated Mysoreans about children rights and issues haunting them through street play as part of International Child Helpline Day celebrated on May 17.

They told the public that child marriage, employing child for work and child trafficking all attracts penal action. Children, especially street children and orphans, are at risk and they need your (Public) help.

Through plays, the helpline members conveyed the message that children, who are the future of India, require public support to stop crime against young citizens. Public may call the helpline number (1098/2453022) to save such children from danger.

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